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Plural Nouns

Unlike in English, Germans do not simply add an -s to a word to pluralize it. There are actually seven ways to pluralize nouns in German. By becoming familiar with the following rules, pluralizing most nouns will be a less strenuous task. That being said, these rules can be considered as rough guidelines. Therefore, it is advised to learn the plural of a noun when you are first introduced to the singular form.

No Change

Some nouns do not change at all between the singular and the plural. This occurs with most masculine and neuter nouns ending in -el, -er, and -en. Neuter collective nouns beginning with ge-, as well as diminutives, do not change in the plural.


das Fenster > die Fenster
der Meister > die Meister
das Gemälde > die Gemälde
das Häschen > die Häschen

Umlauted Vowel

A smaller amount of masculine, feminine, and neuter nouns ending in -er have a vowel change in the plural. The umlaut falls on the stressed vowel.

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