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Adjectives II: Strong Endings/ Der-words


I. Usage of Strong Endings

A. Adjectives take strong endings when the noun lacks a modifier (definite articles, or a der-word) that shows information regarding the noun’s gender, case, and number.

In the following examples, we see strong endings due to the lack of a modifier:
deutsches Bier German Bier
intelligente Leute intelligent people
mit großer Kraft with great strength
französischer Wein French wine

B. In the examples below, we see strong endings with the indefinite article ein, as it is the only article that does not show all necessary information about the noun. This occurs in three situations: with the nominative neuter, accusative neuter, and nominative masculine.

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