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The Perfect I (weak verbs and irregulars with haben)


I. Theory

Like in English, German contains various ways to convey actions that occurred in the past. Das Perfekt, also known as the present perfect, is frequently used in day-to-day conversation. This tense corresponds to several past forms in English:

Ich habe gesagt.
I said, I did say, I was saying, I have said.

Du hast gearbeitet.
You worked, you did work, you were working, you have worked.

As you can see from the examples above, this tense can be used in various situations and carries a wider range of meaning than the various nuanced forms in English.

II. Forming Das Perfekt with Weak Verbs

The formation of the Perfekt is similar to that of the present perfect in English: an auxiliary verb and a past participle. For example: I have danced. (have = auxiliary verb, and danced = past participle).

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