I. TheoryIn German, the subjunctive mainly appears in two instances: in written news reports and in reported indirect speech. Where tenses convey the time in which an action occurs, moods are used to show the manner: commands, doubts, etc. The Konjunktiv 1 is equated to the English subjunctive where the Konjunktiv 2 is equated to the English conditional tense- which is discussed in another lesson. It is used to show alleged events in the past, present, or future. However, it is usually not found in oral conversation.
|Er ist krank (indicative).
He is sick.