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Subjunctive Mood (Konjunktiv 1)


I. Theory

In German, the subjunctive mainly appears in two instances: in written news reports and in reported indirect speech. Where tenses convey the time in which an action occurs, moods are used to show the manner: commands, doubts, etc. The Konjunktiv 1 is equated to the English subjunctive where the Konjunktiv 2 is equated to the English conditional tense- which is discussed in another lesson. It is used to show alleged events in the past, present, or future. However, it is usually not found in oral conversation.

Er ist krank (indicative).
He is sick.

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