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Articles in the Accusative Case

Theory

The accusative case is also known as the objective case as it affects the direct object of the sentence. Typically, the direct object is the noun that the verb acts on. In other words, the direct object is who or what directly receives the action of the noun.

In the following example we see the roles of each word:
Die Frau sieht…
The woman (subject) sees (verb)...

Was sieht die Frau?
What does the woman see?

Die Frau sieht einen Vogel.
The woman sees a bird. (direct object)

Further examples:
Ich sehe den Mann.
I see the man.

Können wir die Situation diskutieren.
Can we discuss the situation.

Besuchst du Berlin?
Are you visiting Berlin?

Because English doesn’t have cases, we have a very strict word order to show the subject and object in each sentence. In German, word order has less of an impact because the cases show the role of each word.

Consider this example: despite the change in word order, the sentences are saying the same exact thing.

Der Mann sieht den Hund.
The man sees the dog.

Den Hund sieht der Mann.
The man sees the dog.

Articles

As you can see from the charts below, there is not much of a change in the articles between the nominative and accusative. The only difference is the masculine singular. For all other articles, the context usually reveals which case the noun is in.

I. Definite articles in the accusative:

Masculine

Feminine

Neuter

Singular

den die das

Plural

die

II. Indefinite articles in the accusative:

Masculine

Feminine

Neuter

Singular

einen eine ein

Plural

x

III. Kein in the accusative:

Masculine

Feminine

Neuter

Singular

keinen keine kein

Plural

keine

Examples:
Trinkst du gern Bier?
Do you like drinking beer?

Ich habe keinen Bruder.
I don’t have any brothers.

Kennt ihr den Professor?
Do you know the professor?

Liest du oft Bücher?
Do you often read books?

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