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The Genitive Case


I. Theory

The genitive case is used to show the relation between two nouns where one belongs to the other. This case can actually be seen in English with the possessive ‘s. While an s can (without apostrophe) can make the genitive in German, Germans typically prefer using a genitive article between the nouns to show their relation.

Die Farbe des Autos
The color of the car

Die Straßen der Stadt
The streets of the city

Katjas Geld
Katja’s money

Vaters Haus
Father’s house

When an article or a possessive adjective is used, a genitive article must be included. If the genitive -s is used, no articles or possessives are used before both nouns. We see this below:

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